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Based on 1860 census figures, 8% of all white males aged 13 to 43 died in the war, including 6% in the North and 18% in the South. With the outbreak of the Korean War, concerns over the defense of Western Europe rose. troops remained stationed in West Germany, with others in Belgium, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, until the 1990s in anticipation of a possible Soviet attack.Two corps, V and VII, were reactivated under Seventh United States Army in 1950 and American strength in Europe rose from one division to four. During the Cold War, American troops and their allies fought Communist forces in Korea and Vietnam. Under a United Nations umbrella, hundreds of thousands of U. troops fought to prevent the takeover of South Korea by North Korea, and later, to invade the northern nation.Clair's defeat at the Battle of the Wabash, the Regular Army was reorganized as the Legion of the United States, which was established in 1791 and renamed the "United States Army" in 1796.The War of 1812, the second and last American war against Britain, was less successful than the Revolution had been.The second strategy was to form alliances with other Indian tribes, but that too is no use because the Seminoles had destroyed all the other Indians when they entered Florida in the late eighteenth century. For the first two years Confederate forces solidly defeated the U. The Union pursued a strategy of seizing the coastline, blockading the ports, and taking control of the river systems. Its eastern armies did very well in combat, but the western armies were defeated one after another until New Orleans was lost in 1862 along with the Tennessee River, the Mississippi River was lost in 1863, and Atlanta fell in 1864. In 1910, Mexico was having a civil war, peasant rebels fighting government soldiers. Army troops formed a significant portion of the forces that captured North Africa and Sicily. In the Pacific, army soldiers participated alongside U. Marines in capturing the Pacific Islands from Japanese control.
American forces effectively established and maintained control of the "traditional" battlefield, however they struggled to counter the guerrilla hit and run tactics of the communist Viet Cong and the North Vietnamese Army. During the 1960s the Department of Defense continued to scrutinize the reserve forces and to question the number of divisions and brigades as well as the redundancy of maintaining two reserve components, the Army National Guard and the Army Reserve.A number of European soldiers came on their own to help, such as Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben, who taught the army Prussian tactics and organizational skills.The army fought numerous pitched battles and in the South 1780–81 sometimes used the Fabian strategy and hit-and-run tactics, hitting where the enemy was weakest, to wear down the British forces.In 1967 Secretary of Defense Robert Mc Namara decided that 15 combat divisions in the Army National Guard were unnecessary and cut the number to 8 divisions (1 mechanized infantry, 2 armored, and 5 infantry), but increased the number of brigades from 7 to 18 (1 airborne, 1 armored, 2 mechanized infantry, and 14 infantry).The loss of the divisions did not set well with the states.